Curricle Crashes and Dennet Disasters – The Dangers of the Regency Road

On the road 1

In April 1811 Jane Austen was staying with her brother Henry and his wife Eliza at their home 64, Sloane Street and working on the proofs of Sense and Sensibility. Not that this prevented her from getting out and about in London and occasionally borrowing Henry’s carriage: ‘The Driving about, the Carriage being open, was very pleasant. I liked my solitary elegance very much, & was ready to laugh all the time, at my being where I was – I could not but feel that I had naturally small right to be parading about London in a Barouche,’ she wrote on a later visit.
But delightful as travel by coach might be, horse-drawn vehicles were dangerous and accidents were numerous, even if most were minor. In a letter home on 25 April 1811 Jane blames an inciHyde Park pike0001dent at the gates for giving her sister-in-law Eliza a chest cold. ‘The Horses actually gibbed on this side of Hyde Park Gate – a load of fresh gravel made it a formidable Hill to them, & they refused the collar; I believe there was a sore shoulder to irritate. Eliza was frightened, & we got out & were detained in the Eveng. air several minutes.’ You can follow Jane’s London travels in Walking Jane Austen’s London.
The wonderful Henry Alken snr. excelled at drawing horses, but he had a mischievous side and produced numerous prints of carriage accidents. [His Return From the Races is at the top of this post]. These are light-hearted, often mocking the young sporting gentlemen of his day and their ‘boy-racer’ equipages, but the potential for an accident to cause death or serious injury was very real. In one hideous stage coach crash in 1833 the Quicksilver coach overturned as it was leaving Brighton. Passengers were flung out into the gardens along the Steine and impaled on the spiked railings. Alken’s third plate in his Trip to Brighton series shows a stagecoach crash as a result of young bucks bribing the coachmen to let them take the reins and race. Discover more of the dangers of travel by stage or mail coach in Stagecoach Travel.accident

Alken’s ‘comic’ drawings show people thrown onto the rough stones of the road, against milestones or walls, at risk of trampling by the horses or of being injured by the splintering wood and sharp metal fittings of their carriages. One has to assume that like cartoon characters walking off a cliff they all bounce back safely with only their dignity ruffled. Real life would not have been so forgiving.  In this post I am sharing some of the Alken carriage disasters from my own collection.

In  Learning to Drive Tandem (1825) learning to driveAlken shows a young gentleman who has got one of his pair turned around and one wheel off the road. The vehicle is a cocking cart used to transport fighting cocks and below the seat is a compartment ventilated by slats and a small image of a fighting cock on the armrest. In The Remains of a Stanhope (1827) the crash has already occurred, showing just how fragile these vehicles could be. A carpenter has been summoned and the owner is drawling somewhat optimistically, “I say my clever feller, have you an idea you can make this thing capable of progression?”

Stanhope

One of my favourite images is this one of a Dennet gig with the horses spooked by a passing stagecoach. The passengers’ faces as they watch the driver struggling with his team are priceless. Dennet accident sat

Several prints of the time show accidents at toll gates. Either the horses bolted or the driver wasn’t paying attention or perhaps they thought the gate keeper would fling the gate wide as they approached. This one is captioned “I wonder whether he is a good jumper!”

accident at toll gate Young men crashing their vehicles was obviously commonplace, and then as now, showing off to the ladies was also part of the joy of owning a sporting vehicle. Alken was not above titillating his audience with a glimpse of petticoat or a shapely leg, even when the owner of the leg was about to get seriously hurt. In “Up and down or the endeavour to discover which way your Horse is inclined to come down backwards or forwards” (1817) the driver takes no notice at all of his fair passenger vanishing over the back of his fancy carriage. There are some nice details in this print – the two-headed goose on the side panel is presumably a reference to the driver not knowing which way he is going and the luxurious sheepskin foot rug is clearly visible. backwardsIn the same series is an awful warning about the dangers of not choosing your horses with care. Captioned “Trying a new match you discover that they are not only alike in colour weight & action but in disposition.” One young man is heading out over the back of the carriage while his companion is poised to leap for safety amidst flying greatcoats, hats and seat cushions.

Bolting

 

 

10 Comments

Filed under Accidents & emergencies, Gentlemen, Regency caricatures, Transport and travel, Travel

10 responses to “Curricle Crashes and Dennet Disasters – The Dangers of the Regency Road

  1. helenajust

    So informative. I used to think that the carriage accident in Regency romances was an over-used trope, but maybe not!

  2. I imagine accidents were commonplace, just as they are with cars today. Pity the poor horses who, if injured, no doubt were shot. But wonderful and hilarious images just the same.

  3. Stephen Barker

    In 1819 the Sporting Artist Benjamin Marshall was travelling to Newmarket in a coach that overturned, he suffered injuries to his head, back and two broken legs. He survived this dying in 1835. He also had the misfortune to see his daughter dying after her dress was set alight by sparks from a fireplace. The shock of this accident is believed to have hastened his own demise.
    Life in the past may look romantic but it had its dark side as well.

    • I always feel sorry for the Rev. Atterbury of Christ Church, Oxford whose hobby was to ride on stage coaches, “…to see the working of a well-appointed coach and to sit behind a fine team skilfully handled.” He died when the coach overturned and his skull was crushed against the lamp.

  4. Thanks for this, Louise. Your collection of prints is such a marvellous resource and it’s good of you to share them. anne stenhouse

  5. Embla

    Those images are priceless, and the details are such a joy!

    Especially the last one, with the riders ready to abandon ship, and everything about the horses screams “speed”. And the poor lady in her fashionable dress whose high-fashion hat is 0.8 seconds away from being ruined. The moral of the story: don’t ever accept a ride from a show-off.

    And while the poor horses are at least commiserated in the comments, the riders… oh dear. The 18th century predecessors of the trustfond brat get about as much compassion for crashing his barouche, curricle or whatever as his 21st century counterpart gets for crashing his porsche. Sorry guys, it’s apparently the fate nature intended for you. Here’s hoping you managed to beget some legitimate children.

    • Yes, you do get the feeling that some of those young drivers are candidates for the Darwin Awards – cut off before they can add to the gene pool, bless them! I just love Alken’s energy in his images

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