Happy May Day! This is such a lovely image that I am reposting a 2015 blog. Above is one of Cruickshank’s great monthly images of London streets showing a May Day procession, led by a clown and followed by a couple – he is carrying a sword, she appears to have a large wooden spoon. Behind them comes an extraordinary character, disguised as a pile of greenery shaped into a crown at the top, and followed by a motley crowd led by a drummer and fife player. Suitably they are passing the shop of Budd, Florist.
To try and make some sense of the picture I turned to Brand’s “Observations on Popular Antiquities…Vulgar Customs, Ceremonies and Superstitions.” (1813) He records that, “It was anciently the custom for all ranks of people to go out a Maying early on the first of May…both sexes were wont to rise a little after midnight on the morning of that day, and walk to some neighbouring wood, accompanied with musick (sic) and the blowing of horns, where they broke down branches from trees and adorned them with nosegays and crowns of flowers. This done, they returned home with the booty, about the time of sunrise, and made their doors and windows triumph in the flowery spoil.”
He records, “In the Morning Post, Monday, May 2nd, 1791, it was mentioned, ‘that yesterday, being the first of May, according to annual and superstitious custom, a number of persons went into the fields and bathed their faces with the dew on the grass, under the idea that it would render them beautiful.’ I remember too, that in walking that same morning between Hounslow and Brentford, I was met by two distinct parties of girls with garlands of flowers, who begged money of me, saying, ‘Pray, Sir, remember the Garland.'”
The strange foliage figure in the print is presumably a walking May Day garland of branches and greenery and perhaps the procession is on its way to dance around a Maypole. He quotes a Mr Strutt: “The Mayings are in some sort yet kept up by the milk-maids at London, who go about the streets with their garlands and musick, dancing; but this tracing is a very imperfect shadow of the original sports; for May-poles were set up in the streets, with various martial shows, morris-dancing and other devices, with which, and revelling, and good cheer, the day was passed away.”
I wonder whether the wooden spoon the young lady is holding is some kind of dairy implement – a cream skimmer, perhaps – symbolic of the milk maids? The small boy just behind her may be a chimney sweep’s boy, holding his brush and dust pan. Brand records that, “The young chimney-sweepers, some of whom are fantastically dressed in girls’ clothes, with a great profusion of brick dust by way of paint, gilt paper etc, making a noise with their shovels and brushes, are now the most striking objects in the celebration of May Day in the streets of London.” This lad’s hat certainly seems to be decorated.
6 responses to “May Day”
The Green Man still appears in many May Day celebrations today, including the one in my home town. It also figures heavily in one of my own books, called, suitably, Murder In The Green. The Queen of the May is often a milkmaid, and there is usually at least one sweep – in fact, the Rochester May Day celebrations are known as The Sweeps Festival. Your descriptions, and the wonderful Cruikshank drawing, prove that very little has changed in the last 200 years.
I love finding green men, or Foliates, in medieval church carvings. There are some deeply sinister ones about! Enjoyed Murder in the Green, by the way
I love them, too – and thank you! Our Whitstable Green Man is being built as I write. I shall be out to greet him on Monday.
I recognised the Garland in that picture straight away! Admittedly it’s bigger than the ones I was used to growing up, but then the Castleton Garland King has to be able to ride his horse (or at least be led around the village on it!). See http://www.cheshirecheeseinn.co.uk/castleton-ancient-garland-ceremony-i7.html for details of this year’s event (Oak Apple Day by tradition rather than May Day).
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Sweeps, Milkmaids, May Day… You heard of us then? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1s8KBA3GRY8